Organizational Leadership Structure Essay

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  3
Wordcount:  639 Words
Date:  2022-06-20


Leadership is the ability to influence or motivate people in such a way that they later contribute towards a common goal. In the definition it is worth understanding that leaders influence and also drive the junior staff, this is achieved through communication skills, rewards for a well-done job, and even other resources like promotions and salary raise. In organizational we have shared leadership; the shared leadership concept was arrived at through the fact that leadership is just a role and not a position (McShane, 2013). The idea further stresses that employees in an organization will lead each other in the event the occasion arises. An example of such a case is when there is an introduction of new technology in the organization, and the employees are championing the use of the new technology.

Trust banner

Is your time best spent reading someone else’s essay? Get a 100% original essay FROM A CERTIFIED WRITER!

Cultural and Gender Differences in Leadership

Cultural and gender similarities and differences in leadership have been a hot topic in the business world, and some research studies have been conducted to shed more light. Cultural differences include the nature of leadership exhibited by the leader; they include how one communicate to the employees. Excellent communication skills accompany effective leadership, read a situation and then come up with a way to handle the problem. Research studies carried out have not found any significant difference in female leaders and male leaders in the performance of the business. However, leadership behaviors of women leaders are different from men leaders and in most cases, women leaders tend to be less bossy as compared to men leaders.

The Influence of the External Environment on Organizational Structure

External environment includes everything outside the organization; it includes clients, government, suppliers even the resources that the business uses to come up with its products. Four external environment characteristics define the organizational structure that is best appropriate for a particular situation (McShane, 2013). The four aspects are dynamism, complexity, diversity, and hostility. Organizational size is also a defining factor of organizational structure; in most cases, large companies have different organization structures compared to small companies. The main reason for this is as employees increase in the firm it also increases job specialization. Technology is also a factor to consider when defining the organizational structure of a company. Technology can be described merely as the mechanism the company is dependent on producing products or services to the clients. However, technology does not only refer to the machines used but also accommodates the production process and how it is managed.

The Fiedler model was designed as a contingency plan for the organizational structure design of a company. The model was established in the 1960s by a scientist called Fred Fiedler. The model revolves around all the aspect that may influence an organizational design; it includes all the factors from the size of the firm, technology, external environment and also strategy design of the firm. The model has a scale that rates least preferred co-worker. In most cases, the conceptual design of the Fiedler's model is used as a benchmark for organizational structure design. The model also acknowledges that good leadership is not only dependent on the style of leading but also takes into account how a leader controls a particular situation.


In practice, there are two types of leaders namely task-oriented leaders and people-oriented leaders. The two differ in the leadership styles, task-oriented leaders use tasks to delegate, in this case, employees are assigned specific tasks depending on their skills and knowledge (McShane, 2013). On the other hand, people-oriented leaders tend to be more interested in the employees. In most cases, people-oriented leaders listen more, show more appreciation and are considerate to the employees. In schools' teachers use both task-oriented and people-oriented leadership skills, the teacher needs to understand the strength of every student hence will provide assignments and also takes time to get to know the student.


McShane, S. L. (2013). Organizational behavior: Emerging knowledge, global reality (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.

Cite this page

Organizational Leadership Structure Essay. (2022, Jun 20). Retrieved from

Free essays can be submitted by anyone,

so we do not vouch for their quality

Want a quality guarantee?
Order from one of our vetted writers instead

If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the ProEssays website, please click below to request its removal:

didn't find image

Liked this essay sample but need an original one?

Hire a professional with VAST experience and 25% off!

24/7 online support

NO plagiarism