Compare and Contrast Essay on Dystopian vs. Utopian

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  4
Wordcount:  950 Words
Date:  2022-05-12


Dystopian and Utopian can be presented as the two edges of the same coin. In that, Utopia is the representation of an exemplary civilization whereby the perfections of society are present such as excellent legal system, the beauty of equality, law-abiding citizens, no discrimination and much more. Nonetheless, there is also the concept of Dystopia which is a direct contrast to Utopia. It mirrors the notion of widespread suffering and misery which can be illustrated by poverty, violence, war, pollution, disease, etc. Therefore, dystopian society may not have the same glory of utopia, but they both provide an in-depth presentation of the culture.

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Utopia is made up of various elements of society such as economics, nature, politics, religion, and economics. It presents a universe that is peaceful throughout, in other words, it is perfect in every possible way in all aspects of political, social, and moral. It mirrors the ideal state that believes in the perfectibility of human beings. On the other, Dystopian constitutes many different flaws encountered in the society such as inequality, no law-abiding citizens which are traditionally confronted by individuals as a way of illustrating the imperfect civilization. It is a society that is seen to be going through constant sufferings and peril with the motive of becoming perfect. The dystopian society comprises of a totalitarian country or the states that are under oppressive dictatorships.

Similarities of Dystopian and Utopian

Despite, Dystopia being the direct reverse of utopia in various that depicts how multiple aspects of the society have gone wrong, both terms are believed to share the same features of fantasy and fiction (Bajaber 370). In that, both dystopias and utopias are developed continuously in a future whereby the technological advancement has been applied to come up with ideal living standards.

They both depict various instances whereby human societies appear to illustrate the worst and the best occurrences in a state. There is traditionally a problem-solving aspect that handles the problems of the society through annihilation or by advanced stipulated prescriptions and rules that enhances happier lives.

Subsequently, utopia and dystopia do not seem to offer a long-term description of a state. This implies that both of them have a natural end despite the understanding that the conclusions may be dissimilar (Furst et al., Par 3). Dystopia could be viewed as a subject to recovery or the end level for a world or state while utopia can mostly fade away.


According to Thomas Moore (Par.3), Utopia is represented as the place where many think it is a paradise place in his official article known as "Utopia" he illustrates a made-up and unsociable island where all things are known to operate smoothly without any flaws whatsoever. For instance, it is like observing the blue skies, bright and warm sunlight, living with friendly individuals and existing with all persons. In contrast, dystopia holds that the perspective of a real, material universe of perfection is impossible to exist physically since it is unrealistic and impractical (Prakash et al., Par 2). Dystopian planet believes that the sun may be shinning, but the living conditions are miserable as well people being viewed to be unfriendly and annoying.

The illustration of the utopian state is satirical since it discloses ways in which the realistic society is closer to Dystopia as opposed to Utopia itself. Patently, there has not been any evidence that substantiates the existence of utopian community since it cannot sustain itself because of the unpredictable nature of life (Hahn, Par.4). Such instances of utopia entail the Garden of Eden, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and much more. Therefore, utopia has never been experienced, but dystopian society has. In as much some persons do not believe in either dystopian or utopian society, it is essential to understand what makes up dystopia. This is because it represents human civilization experiences such as discrimination, poverty, disease, and war amongst others (Dystopian Par 5). Such worlds include Nazi Germany, The Al-Qaeda and many more.

Nonetheless, Dystopias are used as tools whereby authors present their issues concerning the humanity and society. Moreover, they function as a warning to members of the society to take notice of the universe in which they live and be prepared when things change from bad to worse without the realization of what has happened (Mentz & Gallagher Par 6). Dissimilarly, various writers and philosophers have their vision of utopia. They imagine and develop plans for an ideal world by employing perfect models of perfect government to illustrate their perceptions of different contemporary concerns and political issues. It presents dreams as opposed to the actuality of human conditions as recognized in dystopian society.


To sum up, Dystopia and Utopia may constitute of entirely, unlike aspects and ideas. However, as pointed in this work, through the development of a utopian society, the results are mostly Dystopia. It is now evident that the chances of establishing utopian society under the lens of civilization that is present today are very minimal since the current cultures involve all aspects that are consistent with dystopia. Therefore, utopia is solely fictional and has not been proved so far.

Works Cited

Bajaber, Musab. "Utopian Literature and Science: From the Scientific Revolution to 'Brave New World' and beyond." Utopian Studies, no. 2, 2017, p. 370

Booker, M. Keith. Dystopian Literature: a Theory and Research Guide. Greenwood Press, 1994.

Furst, Saskia, et al. US American Expressions of Utopian and Dystopian Visions. LIT, 2017.

Hahn, Allison, MID. "Utopian and Dystopian Fiction." Salem Press Encyclopedia of Literature, 2016

Mentz, Steve, and Erin M. Gallagher. "Utopian and Dystopian Literature to 1800." Oxford Bibliographies Online Datasets, 2012, doi:10.1093/obo/9780199846719-0082.

More, Thomas, Sir, Saint. Utopia. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, c1949. 1949. Crofts classics.

Prakash, Gyan, et al. Utopia/Dystopia: Conditions of Historical Possibility. Princeton University Press, 2010.

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