No university student can graduate without completing too many literature reviews. This type of work is essential to the world of academia. It is not just there for you to show off these analytical skills of yours, but to pay the tribute to the academics in your field. This is the type of work which you might have done in the past, but you are never sure whether you approached it the right way.
So, if you want to learn more about the review of the literature example, you came to the right place. This guidance will show how to organize a literature review, how to start it, finish it, and how to get ready before even starting to write it. Here is how you should approach this type of work from the very start.
How yo Write Parts of a Literature Review
Before you even start thinking about how to structure a literature review, you will need to learn more about approaching it first. Now, an assignment like this requires several important steps.
Define the Purpose of Your Writing
First of all, you need to come up with an interesting topic that carries some importance for academia. Hence, your paper must have a good reason to exist. You need to set a clear goal which you should declare to your readers. This is called a thesis statement, and you will definitely need it.
Next, once you know what you are writing about, you need to see what other people have already said on the topic. Hence, you need to start looking for other publications. This is the essential part of your work. After all, if you know what a literature review looks like, it is fifty percent references and citations of other authors. So you need to find what materials will make it into your work. Surely enough, it is not such an easy job to do. Chances are, there will be thousands of materials published in regards to your theme.
You will need to narrow down your search to find the publications that suit your thesis statement the most. Here are some tips on how to do it:
- Use only academic libraries and reliable sources
- Come up with keywords to insert in the search
- Look for materials in specific time frames
- Always read the abstract first
- Define your perfect finding and compare it to the rest
- Ask the right questions
Overall, you will need to have two stages of selection. During the first stage, you will choose every material related directly to your topic. The second stage is evaluating your findings and keeping only a few that fit the profile the most.
Start the Debate
Once you have all the sources you need, it’s time to start the debate. All your references must intervene with one another. Some of the citations you include must defend an argument when others argue against it. Every author should have their personal opinion on the matter. These opinions may be similar, but they should be the same.
This stage is your time to become a moderator. You should be the unbiased voice of reason that explains, analyzes, and gives room to other authors in the attempt to answer your thesis statement.
Finally, as you have completed all the previous stages of the process, it is time to outline your work. To create a perfect structure of a literature review, you need to have three simple components. Here’s how you can do it.
Literature Review Introduction Structure
Any example of a good literature review must have a strong opening clause. This is the stage where you introduce each author that you have chosen for this work. You explain their positions and the logic behind them. You also reflect on why this particular writer is important for your research and how their work can serve your paper’s purpose.
The hardest part here is to organize all your sources and citations in a coherent text. You shouldn’t forget about transitions between the sentences. Also, don’t forget to connect each author’s opinion to the main body of your work.
Literature Review Layout: the Body
The main body of the text is for the evaluation of what you have mentioned in the introductory paragraphs. You need to summarize, compare, and interpret the given opinions. Don’t be shy to offer additional opinions on the matter. Any additional example of related literature is necessary for the sake of arguments. You have to show a variety of opinions and thoughts on the issue.
Be sure to have a good strategy on how you want to organize your argumentation. You need to follow structure examples in literature analysis to create a proper academic paper. Most often, students choose either chronological or thematic order. These options allow you to unite all your sources simply and efficiently.
Also, don’t be shy to add your personal analysis and opinions on the issues when needed. You can take a side in a debate as long as your thesis statement allows it.
A Sample of Literary Review’s Conclusion
As always, you have to finish your work with the conclusion. For the most part, other authors were speaking on your behalf. Now it is your time to shine. Summarize everything that has been mentioned in the text above. State your position on the matter. Conclude with telling whether your thesis statement was fulfilled and if it happened the way you predicted.