Kelly, M. A., & Cozzolino, C. A. (2015). Helping at-risk youth overcome trauma and substance abuse through animal-assisted therapy. Contemporary Justice Review, 18(4), 421-434.
In this article, the focus is based on conducting AAT treatment on youths affected by disaster with the study in relationship to children undergoing almost the same kind of trauma. The article starts with the application of AAT, through the cognitive behavioral programme, what the program is designed to achieve and how the programme will work. Here, AAT is regarded as a form of rehabilitation programme that is physical for children and other patients recovering from traumas such as disaster strike, shooting and even drug abuse on the youth. The recovery is also much dependent on the type of therapy dog used. The dog brought by the counsellor to either a one on one treatment or in group treatment should be able to offer social mediation. The aim of the programme to the children just as to youths is to help gain back proper behavioral orders, positive life skills and good social interactions with others. The programme also according to the author Kelly is to teach the children and young adults skills in dog handling. By fast recovery through one on one sessions with the psychologist, the child undergoing therapy is expected to develop and improve communication skills that might have been interfered with when the trauma hit. Using a basic curriculum, the AAT supports cognitive behavioral properties. The procedure on how the therapy programme works is highly dependent on the type of interaction with the psychologist whether one on one or whether the children recover as a group. The session has to have laid down goals that are expected to be achieved at the end of the session. The application of AAT is greatly cognitive.
Like other sources, this source states that Animal-Assisted Therapy is an intervention that is goal-directed where there is the introduction of an animal in the process of therapy. Child trends continue to add that the AAT is mainly designed to progress change and adaptive operation as well as decrease social and cognitive problem. Target population which is children still at a tender age is given a health professional which is a psychologist. Like other sources above, the therapy is an intervention that is goal oriented. The therapist sessions are weekly and last for at least three months. The activities involve play activities cleaning, grooming and basic obedience to commands with an assigned dog. Evaluation and monitoring of the programme are done, and the results indicated that, as compared to children healing on their own without AAT, the children exposed AAT healed from trauma at a much rapid rate. There was a significant decrease in the time spent in the hospital and an increase in social functioning. In addition, the effect of AAT on the [patient caused a more active interaction with the dog that was assigned to them and even an improvement in their language. These significant changes were taken at the end of the intervention period.
Dietz, T. J., Davis, D., & Pennings, J. (2012). Evaluating animal-assisted therapy in group treatment for child sexual abuse. Journal of child sexual abuse, 21(6), 665-683.
Dietz et al. wrote about a study conducted to compare the effectiveness of the interventions of three groups on trauma syndromes on sexually abused children. Of the three groups, one group was given dogs to help in the process of treatment. The authors noted results that the children that were given dogs recorded a big decrease in syndromes that became with the trauma. Post-traumatic stress disorder reduced, fall in the level of trauma syndrome, and a few cases of anxiety and confidence, children who participated in other groups that ha do animal, continued to heal slowly. This is because there was no animal that the child in the group with no animal could interact with freely. The article goes ahead to show that AAT can be done to any child facing trauma as long as they can interact freely with the dog that is assigned to them. The effects of AAT on the children involved in the intervention according to this article was positive.
Moreover, one on one talk with the psychiatric in a room with an animal was a success since more of the child's attention is captured. The children undergoing AAT develop good listening and overall concentration skills. There were redu8ced post stress disorders and that the health improvement was extraordinarily fast. However, with the positive results, there were implications of the Animal-Assisted therapy, but then suggestions for improvement have been put into place. The study based not only on children but also on young adolescents that have been affected by traumas of life. The quality of participation between the dog and its handler determined the rate of improvement in health. The study of the three groups showed clearly that the group where AAT was conducted was the most improved health wise.
Tsai, C. C., Friedmann, E., & Thomas, S. A. (2010). The effect of animal-assisted therapy on stress responses in hospitalized children. Anthrozoos, 23(3), 245-258.
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This handbook enlightens more on the animal-assisted activities and animal-assisted therapy as a way of treatment of the psychologically unstable individual. The author introduces in the book the introduction of an animal as a human companion in the treatment. An animal is introduced into the therapeutic session with set goals to be achieved. In the process, the dog was taken to live with the child undergoing psychological instability, and in another instance, then the child is just taken in certain instances to meet the dog. Both processes proved successful after some time due to the connection that the child and the dog developed. Results recorded included reduced loneliness of the child, increased physical playing and alikeness and increased focus. Alternatively, the child who lives with the dog a gains ownership of the dog recorded faster improvement in therapy. This was as a result of a connection f ownership which in turn leads to more interaction. In most cases, the proper conduction of AAT to meet specific health goals always results in a success. The presence of a friendly dog was very effective in reducing the stress levels of the patient. Moreover, to children that were in hospital undergoing oncology and chose their room to be with dogs showed more improvement in oxygen saturation than those who did not have dogs. Also, children who were more interactive with dogs during their recovery stay in hospital recovered at a much faster rate than the ones with no dogs in their rooms. According to the author, AAT has proved to be among the best methods for the treatment of traumatic children through therapy. Introducing an animal as a companion builds a deeper relationship between the animal and the patient thus leading to faster healing of the body through the psychological effect.. (2022, Aug 02). Retrieved from https://proessays.net/essays/this-handbook-enlightens-more-on-the-animal-assisted-activities-and-animal-assisted-therapy-as-a
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