A physical disorder may be acquired, through infections, tumors, strokes, diseases, and accidents. Physical disorders affect the capacity, stamina, and mobility of a person. An individual may have a physical ailment as a result of the side effects of drug use or medical conditions. It may also be inherited through the family genes. One may even at birth, bear physical disorders. The human brain may also lack oxygen, causing physical disease. Physical ailments may be temporary or permanent.
Epilepsy is a form of physical disorder where a person experiences a recurring seizure. Strokes or drug use are said to be significant factors that contribute to epilepsy. It may cause physical disabilities and create brain damage. Cerebral Palsy is also a form of physical disorder that shows an individual's difficulty in movement, speech, and posture. One also possesses signs such as abnormal development.
A research article by (Butler et al., 2018) reveals that children with physical conditions are most likely to encounter mental disorders and which has an adverse effect on their quality of life. Mental health issues associated with physical disorders have also been linked to anxiety symptoms in adolescents and anxiety symptoms in children (Butler et al., 2018). Physical ailments have also been said to have an impact on self-esteem and the academic performance of individuals.
A research article by Naomi (1985) reveals that children with physical disorders suffered an increased risk of psychiatric disturbance, which varied directly with the level of mental retardation. Naomi (1985) identifies various types of chronic physical disease; One which influences the brain and one which does not. However, physical disorders bear little or no relationship if the mental retardation and type of condition were controlled.
Health psychology is associated with the study of psychological processes in health and illness (French et al., 2010). However, according to Baum, Revenson & Singer (2012), health psychology tends to focus on disease and disease outcomes instead of health. In health psychology, psychological theories and methods are applied to ensure that people live a healthy life, achieve better adaptation, and recover from illness (French et al., 2010). Health psychology focuses on how psychological, social, and behavioral factors have an impact on the disease and health of an individual.
Health psychology focuses on enhancing treatment and prevention of illnesses and promoting good health on individuals. It focuses on how individuals recover from ailments. It also focuses on how one's culture may contribute to the physical health of an individual.
Health psychologists contribute to the improvement of health care systems and develop appropriate approaches to health care policies. Health psychologists, therefore, understand how health may be a product of psychological thoughts, behavioral, biological, and social factors.
Health psychology has developed its concepts and constructs from social psychology (Penny et al., 1994). The learning theories, as well as the psychology of individual differences, are among the aspects drawn from social psychology. Health psychology also has a balance of risk and resilient factors to prevent illnesses.
Health psychology has also included aspects of broader sociopolitical contexts in models such as social class, race and racism, and prejudice. (Baum, Revenson & Singer, 2012). Health psychology knowledge can be applied to study disorders. The social and psychological factors may influence health in various ways; Individuals who have longstanding behaviors may develop physical ailments, and psychological factors may also alter biological processes leading to illnesses and disease.
Psychological, social, and behavioral factors are among the significant contributors to medical disease and illnesses. Psychological factors thus have a substantial role in contributing to physical disorders. They may cause behaviors in medicine usage. Psychological factors may also contribute to stress, anxiety, and depression.
Baum, A., Revenson, T. A., & Singer, J. (2012). Handbook of Health Psychology. Psychology Press.
Breslau, N. (1985). Psychiatric Disorder In Children With Physical Disabilities. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 24(1), 87-94. Retrieved from https://www.jaacap.com/article/S0002-7138(09)60415-5/pdf
Butler, A., Van Lieshout, R. J., Lipman, E. L., MacMillan, H. L., Gonzalez, A., Gorter, J. W., ... & Ferro, M. A. (2018). Mental disorder in children with physical conditions: a pilot study. BMJ Open, 8(1), e019011. Retrieved from https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/8/1/e019011?cpetoc=&utm_source=TrendMD&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=BMJOp_TrendMD-0
French, D., Vedhara, K., Kaptein, A. A., & Weinman, J. (Eds.). (2010). Health Psychology. John Wiley & Sons.
Penny, G. N., Bennett, P., Herbert, M., & Herbert, M. (Eds.). (1994). Health Psychology: A Lifespan Perspective. Psychology Press.
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