High blood pressure
Blood pressure measures the systolic and diastolic pressure. If the blood pressure is extremely high, it can damage someones artery wall and increase the possibilities of having a blood clot.
High blood cholesterol
This is a condition where the level of cholesterol in the blood is higher than normal. This can lead to developments of blood clots in the blood arteries leading to arterial diseases (Sharma, 2012).
Its a condition characterized by high blood glucose level. An extreme condition can lead to the development of fatty deposits in the arteries.
Lack of exercise, being overweight and obesity.
This may lead to high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol levels and even development of diabetes.
Sex- Men are at risk of developing CVD at an early age than women
Age - Risk increases with age.
Alcohol - Excessive alcohol consumption increases blood pressure and cholesterol level
Diet Consumption of high-fat diet increases cholesterol.
Stress - Increases the risk of CVD
Assessment, Classification and Diagnosis
The diagnosis is acute pain and activity intolerance. This may be related to coronary artery occlusion, the imbalance between myocardial oxygen supply and demand and the presence of ischemic myocardial tissues.
This is evidenced by reports of alterations in heart rate and blood pressure, development of dysrhythmias, exertional angina (chest pain) and general weakness.
Giving Beta-blockers: atenolol (Tenormin), pindolol (Visken), propranolol (Inderal), nadolol (Corgard), metoprolol (Lopressor) with Antianginals like nitroglycerin, isosorbide dinitrate and mononitrate.
In the course of medication, monitor and document heart rhythm and changes in BP rates before, during and after activity. Also monitoring and documenting characteristic of pain while noting both verbal reports and non-verbal clues such as crying, restlessness and clutching of the chest so as to detect the patients progress (McCabe & Field, 2000).
McCabe, P., & Field, T. (2000). Stress, coping, and cardiovascular disease. Mahwah, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates.
Sharma, P. (2012). JRSM Cardiovascular Disease: a new journal for a global problem. JRSM Cardiovascular Disease, 1(1), 1-1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/cvd.2012.012008
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